What is Prostate Cancer?
According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men in the U.S. after lung cancer. As men age, the prostate (a gland in men's urinary tract system) grows, which may cause problems. While this is a normal sign of aging, it could also be a sign of cancer on the prostate. Most prostate cancers develop slowly, while more severe forms of the cancer can spread quickly. As with most cancers, prostate cancer that is not detected and treated in its early stages could spread to other parts of the body.
Common Risk Factors
It's important to know the common risk factors for prostate cancer:
Men age 65 and older are at higher risk. Prostate cancer is unusual in men under the age of 45.
If your father, grandfather, brother or an uncle has had prostate cancer, there is a greater chance of you being affected by the disease.
African-American men have a higher chance of getting prostate cancer than Caucasian and Hispanic men. Prostate cancer is less common in men of American Indian and Asian ethnicities.
Prostate cancer may not show any signs or symptoms. However, if you do experience any of the below, it's important that you see your doctor. Prostate cancer can be cured if caught and treated early.
- Problems with urination, including pain, trouble starting or stopping, and frequent urination
- Blood in urine or semen
- Frequent pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs
- Unexplained weight loss